Installing a security camera without professional help may seem a lot more difficult than it actually is. It actually depends on the type of camera that you want to install and also where you want to mount this camera (outdoor or indoor).
This is really all you need to know, and then you need to have your knowledge or a technical know-how. The basics are finding a good spot, gathering your gear and equipment, placing the camera on the wall, hiding the wires, and connecting to Wi-Fi or NVR.
But, there are still things to know about each of these steps. Each has its rules and procedures. Keep reading to find out more about it!
Security Cameras: What Type Did You Get?
There is a wide range of types of security cameras that are barely available for you to install in your home or office that advances with an improvement in technology. There are many types of surveillance systems that match up to your lifestyle. take a look at these:
Indoor Security Cameras
These are meant to be installed in enclosed areas. They offer a wide field range that normal cameras but they do not really cover a wide range of surveillance. They usually focus directly on a specific region of the area in a room. They are in smaller spaces.
This type of camera is suitable for homes, rooms, offices, and other personal species. it is ideal when high-quality videos are needed.
Outdoor Security Cameras
These cameras are built to cover a wider exterior area and cover larger portions of spaces. They are designed with specific features which include weather-resistant closures, tilting systems and controls, wireless connection systems, and sometimes night vision. This is ideal for yards, neighborhoods, and streets.
Motion Detector Security Cameras
This features a motion detector sensor in a camera. This system waits for a spotted activity before it begins recording. It is ideal for protection as it alerts you when suspicious movement or activities sensed by the system.
Video Doorbell Camera
This security system replaces the normal doorbell with a camera in the door hole. It starts recording when the doorbell is rung or when motion is detected. It is a form of motion detector camera. It is common in most modern homes as it records even when the door is not answered.
The camera types mentioned above are the main types of cameras available for usage today.
Moving on, let’s jump into what tools and equipment will be needed to install a security camera wiring.
What You Will Need To Install A Security Camera Wiring
To wire a security camera, there are a lot of tools needed to complete this task. Although they are not usually hard to get, you will need to be selective of them. Here are the important tools you will need.
- fish tape
- security camera wires or cables
- electrical wires
- BNC connectors
- stripping tool
- crimping tool
- electric tape
- stand wire crimping tool
These are the basic tools and materials that you are required to have before wearing any security camera either outdoor or indoor.
Hey! Before wiring any of the cameras, you should check and tick if your camera has these required features, otherwise, do not install.
Features of Indoor and Outdoor Security Cameras
The following are the most important features every security camera must have. Based on the type of camera it is, here are the features.
Infrared night vision
This allows the lens of the camera to see during the dark. It takes a record of activities even in the dark using infrared light technology. This usually produces images in black and white colors.
An outdoor security camera must have accessible storage which enables you to view footage whenever you want. You can decide to use Cloud or local media storage technology for storing footage.
HD Video Quality
It must be able to take a recording of all details using a high-definition video. It should provide clear and crisp videos that you can be able to live-stream using your mobile devices or computers.
Motion Detection System
It should be able to record any minute motion is detected and also send signals and alerts whenever it spots motion on your property.
Sound Detection System
It should also be able to pick up sounds and noises and send alerts to you even before it starts recording. Such sounds include the sound of breaking glasses or dogs barking.
Two-way talk system
Every indoor security camera should be designed with a built-in speaker and microphone which allows you to communicate with somebody inside your house.
Tilt system or wide-angle lens
Most indoor cameras have pan-tilt capacity which takes the view of the whole room and shows more of the area (130 degrees left or right) using just one device.
This should also have accessible storage capacity to allow you to view and store with it and also assess them whenever it is needed.
Good Camera Quality
Just like the outdoor camera, the indoor security camera should be able to view and record in high-quality pictures, not blurry or non-visible image quality.
Motion Detection Activation System
When motion is sensed, indoor cameras should be able to send an alert immediately. The camera can be set to record non-stop or just when suspicious motion is detected.
Tips On Where To Place Your Security Camera
Where to place a security camera is the most important step in installing a security camera. Here are some tips on how and where security cameras should be placed or installed.
For Outdoor Cameras:
- Make your decision on where you want the security camera to be to monitor. Since it is an outdoor camera, it should be placed at wide-area coverages such as driveways, garages, fencelines, and entrances.
- Place it in high-traffic areas where it would let you keep an eye on important locations and activities. An example of such a place in a hallway.
- Place it as high as possible. This secures it and prevents it from being tempered by burglars or outsiders.
- Place close to power sources by drilling to the indoor outlets otherwise use a battery-powered camera.
- Ensure that the security camera is capable of connecting to Wi-Fi before you mount it permanently.
For Indoor Cameras
- Place high up or preferably in corners for a more undisturbed view and larger coverage.
- Install close to power cables and outlets. Mount them where they can easily be plugged into wall power outlets.
- Aim for it to be capable of viewing outside too.
Now let us move to the realio-dealio
How To Install Security Camera Wiring
This process is quite easy and straight-forward. Steps and procedures might be different when it comes to outdoor or indoor wiring. Here:
How To Install Indoor Security Camera Wiring
For indoor cameras, you will place them in areas such as the Attics, slidings, basements, or inside your homes. This is a lot more straightforward than installing an outdoor camera. Follow these steps to install, wire, or hide cables in your house.
Design the surveillance hub or route wiring plan. Remember, the place where your Network Video Recorder (NVR) is kept determines the wiring route. So, place the NVR or DVR neatly for a less messy wiring result.
Pick a Suitable location where to place the security camera. Place as high up as needed (but not too high so that you don’t get blurry images). This will prevent it from being tampered by outsiders.
Make sure the power supply is turned off before you start the wiring. This will ensure safety against electrical hazards and disasters.
Use the drilling (machine electrical or manual hand drill) to make a hole in the position the cable outlet will be located.
Use a long metal rod to inspect the hole you have made with the drill. This will ensure that there are no obstructions that will hinder you from effectively mounting and wiring the system.
The hole you have drilled should be wider than the number of wires you will run through it. So, widen the hole using a spade or a hammer
Move onto the location where the camera will be mounted either the attic, soffit, crawlspace, etc. Drill a hole in the wall plate in the same wall cavity.
Then attach the cables or wires using the fish tape in order to fish the camera wires neatly and slowly.
Start running the wires to the destination or location you have chosen to mount the camera.
Feed the wires and don’t forget to protect the cables by using a wire protection cover.
How To Install Outdoor Security Camera Wiring
Installing and wiring outdoor security cameras are quite different from that of the indoor security camera.
There are two categories of wiring outdoor security cameras:
- Long-distance or faraway destination wiring
- Close-up (inside to outside)
For Long-Distance Or Faraway Destinations
Plan the surveillance wire route. For an easier job, find a short or easy wire route so you don’t have to experience trouble while hiding the wires.
Use a wire guard or metal cover (conduit) or PVC to bury the wire in order to protect them from tampering by animals or humans.
Leave drip loops to allow drainage of water and to prevent water from running into the power sources and outlets.
Pick the place you want to make a hole using a pencil or marker.
Make a hole using the drill where you will run the wires through from your home. Once you have made the hole on the wall, deepen the hole using a drill bit or a spade.
Keep drilling the wall until you feel that you have totally penetrated it with the drill.
Start fishing the wires. Once the holes are made, inserting the wires must be a lot easier.
Attach the wires to a fish tape so pulling you be less stressful
Get a partner to help you pull the wires from the other end
Ensure the wires are not tangled. Let your partner pull on one and while you pull the other. This will help the wire remain straight and untangled.
Pull slowly until you get to where the power outlets are located.
For Close-Up Installations (Inside To Outside)
Pick a spot where you want the camera to be placed.
Mark it out with a pencil or marker. Ensure this spot is close to the power supply.
Make a hole in the chosen spot using the hand drill from the point you want to mount the camera to the NVR.
Start running the wires. Attach it to the fish tape and pull slowly.
Make sure you cover the wires with wire guards or conduits.
Cover the holes to prevent moisture from running along with the cables. You can do this by filling the holes using waterproof materials such as silicone.
How To Hide Security Camera Wiring
If you do not fancy the site of wires on the walls and do not like the idea of drilling holes in your house, then you can hide the wires after fixing the camera. Here are some materials you can use to hide wires.
Wireguard Or Covers
Using wire covers can help make your wires less visible. They are quite affordable to purchase and can be used to hide wires running along the sides of your house. They can also be called cable raceways.
They usually come in just white color but can be easily repainted to match the color of the surface they are placed on.
This is quite easy to use. The soffit covers the underside of a roof and protects the space from unfavorable weather conditions. You can hide wires with the suffix by running them along the edges of the soffit.
Here are the solutions on how to hide security camera wiring
For Indoor Security Cameras
Using Wire Guards
After drilling the holes to run the wires through your house ceiling, put the cables or wires into a wire guard and attach this guard to your wall. You can then line them to the back of the furniture so they are not visible. You can also paint them over.
Staple the wirings to the corners of the world and then paint the same color as the surfaces. This makes it less noticeable.
For Outside security camera
For this type, you will run burial wires.
Step 1: Draw the route plan for running the wires
Step 2: Get your conduit pipes or PVC for wiring
Step 3: Mark the points for the drill holes using a pencil or marker
Step 4: hide this life now or bury the conduit pipes or PVC 18 inches or 6 inches deep into the wall
Step 5: Fish the Wires by using a fish tape through the conduit pipe then your wire is safely hidden.
Why you need a security camera
In our world today, it is almost impossible for us not to have surveillance cameras mounted in every strategic area. These cameras are mounted to watch what people do around. Here are some reasons why you need a security camera.
Surveillance cameras are mounted to help monitor the activities of people. In an area of society where we have high rates of criminal activities security cameras help monitor the activities and immediate actions are taken accordingly. When people are watched, there is every tendency they will be of good behavior. People will have to think twice before taking illegal actions.
Settlement of Conflict
This occurs mostly in our business place and workplace conflict can be resolved in a workplace where security cameras are strategically mounted. The cause of conflicts can be traced from the surveillance cameras and resolved effectively. This enhances work safety and ethics.
Protection against Home Invasion
Homeowners can know the faces of their visitors before letting them in through the security cameras, especially doorbell cameras. This way there won’t be intruders or Invaders in our homes. Even if there is to be any form of invasion, they can easily be tracked and reported to neighborhood monitoring services.
Keep watch of your children
As parents, it is recommended to have a surveillance or security camera in your home in order to monitor your children’s activities when you are not at home. With this, you can get to live stream what is happening when you leave them alone at home by using your mobile device and also be alerted in cases of danger.
Monitor Your Property
For people who own properties where they can’t always be present at all times, it is recommended that you get CCTV or security cameras that you can use to monitor such property when you are not present. This will help you keep the property safe and notify you when it detects any suspicious movement.
Provision Of Evidence
In Criminal cases, the evidence is meant to be provided. Security cameras can help fill in this gap with a security camera. You can get evidence of a crime that was committed even when you were not present.
Frequently Asked Questions (Faqs) On Security Camera Wiring
What is the difference between NVR and DVR?
The NVR means Network Video Recorder and the DVR means Digital Video Recorder. They are quite similar. They both record videos. The NVR comes with a VMS (Video Management Software) installed in it already while the DVR does not come with a VMS installed in it. You have to select the software you like and then download it.
Where is footage saved?
The footage is saved majorly in two places. They saved either on the camera itself or on an SD card. Otherwise, they can be saved through the corresponding NVR or DVR.
What network connection type will I need for my security camera?
For your security camera, you can make use of a Wi-Fi connection which is Wireless, or a wired network. Although wired networks seem to be more reliable than the wireless connection Wi-Fi, it is quite better and easier to use the Wi-Fi today.
Is it possible to record audio with a security camera?
Yes, it is quite possible to record audio with a security camera. All you need to do is to ensure that your security camera DVR or NVR system comes with an audio option selection feature.
What type of power cable should I use?
For an IP camera, making use of a cat 5 or 6 cables. Use Siamese cable for an analog security camera.
Will the DVR or NVR report an alarm or alert?
Definitely. If an alert is triggered by the monitoring device, it can report an alarm straight to a monitoring service.
What will happen to my security camera if there is a power outage?
For a security camera, the DVR or NVR will come back automatically as soon as power is restored. Alternatively, it is better and more secure to use an Uninterrupted Power Supply (UPS) for better power backup.
It is very vital to have a security camera in your home and office. Hopefully you now have a better understanding of how a security camera works and reasons why it is necessary to have one.
You should also be able to wire a security camera with ease. All you need to do is to follow the major procedures and steps I have included. This will make it a lot easier even in the first attempt!
iring a security camera is a straightforward task. Just get the basic knowledge and technical know-how and then you’re good to go. Give it a try and thank me later!